Some say Jews killed Jesus. Others think it was the Romans.  A few think Satan manipulated events to kill Jesus. Although there are excellent arguments to support each belief, these perceptions can greatly benefit from enhanced spiritual understanding. The answer to this question will touch your heart, and the truth will enlighten your soul. For His punishment and death was one of the most painful means of execution ever devised by man. But first, it is important to explain why and how He was killed…in order to understand who killed Jesus. Jesus was Obedient unto Death And   being   found   in   appearance   as   a   man,   He   humbled   Himself   and   became   obedient   to   the   point   of   death,   even   the death of the cross.  Philippians 2:8 As   the   Father   knows   Me,   even   so   I   know   the   Father;   and   I   lay   down   My   life   for   the   sheep.      And   other   sheep   I   have which   are   not   of   this   fold;   them   also   I   must   bring,   and   they   will   hear   My   voice;   and   there   will   be   one   flock   and   one shepherd.      “Therefore,   My   Father   loves   Me,   because   I   lay   down   My   life   that   I   may   take   it   again.      No   one   takes   it   from Me,   but   I   lay   it   down   of   Myself.      I   have   power   to   lay   it   down,   and   I   have   power   to   take   it   again.      This   command   I   have received from My Father.”  John 10:15-17 Jesus   explained   what   would   happen   to   Him.      Not   that   the   disciples   would   comprehend   the   implications   of   what   He   said.     But rather, by remembering His words in the future, they would understand the meaning of what He said. Jesus   knew   what   was   before   Him.      He   knew   of   the   physical   torture   He   would   endure;   the   price   He   would   pay   with   His body;   and   the   eternal   benefits   of   following   God’s   will.      This   awareness   was   exemplified   as   He   prepared   His   heart   for what   was   about   to   happen.      And   He   was   withdrawn   from   them   about   a   stone’s   throw,   and   He   knelt   down   and   prayed, saying,   “Father,   if   it   is   Your   will,   take   this   cup   away   from   Me;   nevertheless,   not   My   will,   but   Yours,   be   done.”      Then   an angel   appeared   to   Him   from   heaven,   strengthening   Him.      And   being   in   agony,   He   prayed   more   earnestly.      Then   His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground.  Luke 22:41-44 It is important to know Jesus understood His purpose on earth.  Fulfill prophetic scripture Confront and reveal religious darkness in Israel Demonstrate His God-given miraculous power as evidence of His divine assignment Mirror the Father Speak absolute truth as God directed Him Give His body as a living sacrifice for the sins of the world As   you   continue   to   read…it   is   also   important   to   understand   and   remember   that   Jesus   had   at   His   beckoning   legions   of angels   to   overcome   any   adversary.      Everything   He   was   about   to   experience   He   willingly   endured…alone.      As   He   was being arrested, Simeon Peter drew his sword and sliced the ear off a servant of the high priest. But   Jesus   said   to   him,   “Put   your   sword   in   its   place,   for   all   who   take   the   sword   will   perish   by   the   sword.      Or   do   you   think that   I   cannot   now   pray   to   My   Father,   and   He   will   provide   Me   with   more   than   twelve   legions   of   angels?      How   then   could the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must happen thus?”  Matthew 26:52-54 Jesus   chose   to   fulfill   His   purpose   and   be   obedient   unto   the   Father—including   His   arrest,   trial,   conviction,   and   crucified death—and as such, He touched the man’s ear and healed him.  (Luke 22:51) Unfortunately,   many   of   us   do   not   have   a   clear   understanding   of   the   shocking   realities   of   the   crucifixion   process   that   was used   by   the   Romans.     Therefore,   this   writing   may   be   difficult   for   some   to   read.      But   it   is   important   for   all   of   us   to   mentally visualize   what   our   Savior   and   Lord   went   through—to   enhance   our   comprehension   of   His   sacrifice   and   the   love   God   has for us. The Sanhedrin The   Sanhedrin   was   the   Jewish   court   system   during   the   time   Jesus   lived.      The   Great   Sanhedrin   (led   by   Caiaphas   the high   priest)   was   the   supreme   religious   body   in   Israel,   wielded   significant   power,   and   was   the   final   authority   on   Jewish law.      The   court   was   comprised   of   71   persons   who   were   considered   wise,   had   good   judgment   and   experience.      The Sanhedrin   dealt   with   religious   and   ritualistic   Temple   matters,   criminal   matters,   and   in   solving   conflicts   relating   to   ritual law.  There were also smaller religious Sanhedrins in every town.  Sources: https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-sanhedrin https://www.britannica.com/topic/sanhedrin#ref75027 Power—mixed   with   sinful   human   nature   and   satanic   influence—resulted   in   the   Great   Sanhedrin   misguiding   Israelites away   from   God’s   truth,   and   God’s   desire   for   His   people.      When   Jesus   Christ   began   His   ministry,   His   words,   His behavior,   and   His   miracles   confronted   and   confounded   the   religious   elite.      Because   they   were   living   in   spiritual darkness, they were unable to see the truth: Jesus Christ was the Messiah.  Their   darkened,   misguided   and   preconceived   perceptions   caused   them   to   believe   the   Messiah   would   be   a   warrior;   the Messiah   would   lead   the   Israelites   in   defeating   their   enemies;   the   Messiah   would   bring   peace   to   their   nation;   and   the Messiah   would   fulfill   all   their   needs.      However,   Jesus   was   lowly   and   unassuming,   He   associated   with   sinners   and   tax collectors,   He   taught   with   astonishing   insight,   performed   miracles,   was   growing   in   popularity,   and   directly   stood   against religious   strongholds.      But   because   of   their   sinful   state,   hardened   hearts   and   darkened   minds,   Jesus   did   not   fit   into   their expectations of the promised Jewish King.  They hated Jesus and sought to eliminate Him. But   the   one   clincher   that   caused   their   hatred   to   boil   and   influenced   the   deepest   core   of   their   innermost   beings—is   when they   perceived   Jesus   spoke   blasphemies   (act   of   insulting,   showing   contempt,   or   lack   of   reverence   for   God)—which   was punishable by death (Leviticus 24:13-16). Then   behold,   they   brought   to   Him   a   paralytic   lying   on   a   bed.      When   Jesus   saw   their   faith,   He   said   to   the   paralytic,   “Son, be   of   good   cheer;   your   sins   are   forgiven   you.”      And   at   once   some   of   the   scribes   said   within   themselves,   “This   Man blasphemes!”      But   Jesus,   knowing   their   thoughts,   said,   “Why   do   you   think   evil   in   your   hearts?      For   which   is   easier,   to say,   ‘Your   sins   are   forgiven   you,’   or   to   say,   ‘Arise   and   walk’?      But   that   you   may   know   that   the   Son   of   Man   has   power   on earth   to   forgive   sins”—then   He   said   to   the   paralytic,   “Arise,   take   up   your   bed,   and   go   to   your   house.”     And   he   arose   and departed   to   his   house.      Now   when   the   multitudes   saw   it,   they   marveled   and   glorified   God,   who   had   given   such   power   to men.  Matthew 9:2-8 Then   the   Jews   surrounded   Him   and   said   to   Him,   “How   long   do   You   keep   us   in   doubt?      If   You   are   the   Christ,   tell   us plainly.”      Jesus   answered   them,   “I   told   you,   and   you   do   not   believe.     The   works   that   I   do   in   My   Father’s   name,   they   bear witness   of   Me.      But   you   do   not   believe,   because   you   are   not   of   My   sheep,   as   I   said   to   you.      My   sheep   hear   My   voice, and   I   know   them,   and   they   follow   Me.      And   I   give   them   eternal   life,   and   they   shall   never   perish;   neither   shall   anyone snatch   them   out   of   My   hand.      My   Father,   who   has   given   them   to   Me,   is   greater   than   all;   and   no   one   is   able   to   snatch them   out   of   My   Father’s   hand.      I   and   My   Father   are   one.”      Then   the   Jews   took   up   stones   again   to   stone   Him.      Jesus answered   them,   “Many   good   works   I   have   shown   you   from   My   Father.   For   which   of   those   works   do   you   stone   Me?”     The   Jews   answered   Him,   saying,   “For   a   good   work   we   do   not   stone   You,   but   for   blasphemy,   and   because   You,   being   a Man, make Yourself God.”  John 10:24-33  Was Jesus Christ God in the Flesh…Or Did He Commit Blasphemy? Although   the   word   Trinity   does   not   exist   in   the   Bible,   the   term   has   been   used   throughout   history   to   describe   the   tri-unity of   the   Father,   Son   and   Holy   Spirit   as   one   single   Divine   Being.      God   the   Father,   God   the   Son   and   God   the   Holy   Spirit   are one   and   the   same—but   yet   are   three   individual   Persons.      Dr.   Walter   Martin   (who   founded   the   Christian   Research Institute   and   known   as   “The   Bible   Answer   Man”   on   radio)   said:   “No   man   can   fully   explain   the   Trinity,   though   in   every age,   scholars   have   propounded   theories   and   advanced   hypotheses   to   explore   this   mysterious   Biblical   teaching.      But despite the worthy efforts of these scholars, the Trinity is still largely incomprehensible to the mind of man.”  As   such,   the   “oneness   of   the Trinity”   challenges   our   human   comprehension;   requires   an   understanding   of   the   limitations of our mental capacities; and our faith in that we will fully understand when we are in Heaven.  Jesus   said   “If   you   had   known   Me,   you   would   have   known   My   Father   also;   and   from   now   on   you   know   Him   and   have seen   Him.”      Philip   said   to   Him,   “Lord,   show   us   the   Father,   and   it   is   sufficient   for   us.”      Jesus   said   to   him,   “Have   I   been with   you   so   long,   and   yet   you   have   not   known   Me,   Philip?      He   who   has   seen   Me   has   seen   the   Father;   so   how   can   you say,   ‘Show   us   the   Father’?      Do   you   not   believe   that   I   am   in   the   Father,   and   the   Father   in   Me?     The   words   that   I   speak   to you   I   do   not   speak   on   My   own   authority;   but   the   Father   who   dwells   in   Me   does   the   works.      Believe   Me   that   I   am   in   the Father and the Father in Me, or else believe Me for the sake of the works themselves.  John 14:7-11 Jesus   said   “If   I   honor   Myself,   My   honor   is   nothing.      It   is   My   Father   who   honors   Me,   of   whom   you   say   that   He   is   your God.      Yet   you   have   not   known   Him,   but   I   know   Him.     And   if   I   say,   ‘I   do   not   know   Him,’   I   shall   be   a   liar   like   you;   but   I   do know   Him   and   keep   His   word.      Your   father   Abraham   rejoiced   to   see   My   day,   and   he   saw   it   and   was   glad.”      Then   the Jews   said   to   Him,   “You   are   not   yet   fifty   years   old,   and   have You   seen Abraham?”      Jesus   said   to   them,   “Most   assuredly,   I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.” John 8:54-58 Jesus said “I and My Father are one.”    John 10:30 Let   this   mind   be   in   you   which   was   also   in   Christ   Jesus,   who,   being   in   the   form   of   God,   did   not   consider   it   robbery   to   be equal   with   God,   but   made   Himself   of   no   reputation,   taking   the   form   of   a   bondservant,   and   coming   in   the   likeness   of men.  Philippians 2:5-7 For   to   which   of   the   angels   did   He   ever   say:   “You   are   My   Son,   today   I   have   begotten You”?     And   again:   “I   will   be   to   Him   a Father,   and   He   shall   be   to   Me   a   Son”?      But   when   He   again   brings   the   firstborn   into   the   world,   He   says:   “Let   all   the angels   of   God   worship   Him.”      And   of   the   angels   He   says:   “Who   makes   His   angels   spirits   and   His   ministers   a   flame   of fire.”      But   to   the   Son   He   says:   “Your   throne,   O   God,   is   forever   and   ever;   a   scepter   of   righteousness   is   the   scepter   of Your   kingdom.      You   have   loved   righteousness   and   hated   lawlessness;   therefore   God,   Your   God,   has   anointed   You   with the oil of gladness more than Your companions.”  Hebrews 1:5-9 In   the   beginning   was   the   Word,   and   the   Word   was   with   God,   and   the   Word   was   God.      He   was   in   the   beginning   with God.     All   things   were   made   through   Him,   and   without   Him   nothing   was   made   that   was   made.      In   Him   was   life,   and   the life was the light of men.  And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.  John 1:1-5 He   was   in   the   world,   and   the   world   was   made   through   Him,   and   the   world   did   not   know   Him.      He   came   to   His   own,   and His   own   did   not   receive   Him.      But   as   many   as   received   Him,   to   them   He   gave   the   right   to   become   children   of   God,   to those   who   believe   in   His   name:   who   were   born,   not   of   blood,   nor   of   the   will   of   the   flesh,   nor   of   the   will   of   man,   but   of God.  John 1:10-13 The Arrest, Trial and Conviction of Jesus—Injustice Personified Upon   the   identification   of   Jesus   by   a   kiss   from   Judas   Iscariot   (one   of   the   disciples   of   Jesus),   Jesus   was   arrested   (Mark 14:44-48). And   those   who   had   laid   hold   of   Jesus   led   Him   away   to   Caiaphas   the   high   priest,   where   the   scribes   and   the   elders   were assembled.      But   Peter   followed   Him   at   a   distance   to   the   high   priest’s   courtyard.      And   he   went   in   and   sat   with   the servants   to   see   the   end.      Now   the   chief   priests,   the   elders,   and   all   the   council   sought   false   testimony   against   Jesus   to put   Him   to   death,   but   found   none.      Even   though   many   false   witnesses   came   forward,   they   found   none.      But   at   last   two false   witnesses   came   forward   and   said,   “This   fellow   said,   ‘I   am   able   to   destroy   the   temple   of   God   and   to   build   it   in   three days.’”     And   the   high   priest   arose   and   said   to   Him,   “Do   You   answer   nothing?   What   is   it   these   men   testify   against   You?”     But   Jesus   kept   silent.     And   the   high   priest   answered   and   said   to   Him,   “I   put   You   under   oath   by   the   living   God:   Tell   us   if You   are   the   Christ,   the   Son   of   God!”      Jesus   said   to   him,   “It   is   as   you   said.      Nevertheless,   I   say   to   you,   hereafter   you   will see   the   Son   of   Man   sitting   at   the   right   hand   of   the   Power,   and   coming   on   the   clouds   of   heaven.”      Then   the   high   priest tore   his   clothes,   saying,   “He   has   spoken   blasphemy!      What   further   need   do   we   have   of   witnesses?      Look,   now   you   have heard   His   blasphemy!      What   do   you   think?”     They   answered   and   said,   “He   is   deserving   of   death.”     Then   they   spat   in   His face   and   beat   Him;   and   others   struck   Him   with   the   palms   of   their   hands,   saying,   “Prophesy   to   us,   Christ!      Who   is   the one who struck You?”  Matthew 26:57-68 However, Caiaphas had a couple of problems: 1 . He did not have power to execute Jesus, and was dependent upon the Romans for capital punishment. 2 . Blasphemy was not a crime under Roman Law. 3 . He needed a different Roman crime other than blasphemy to convict Jesus. Therefore,   Caiaphas   spun   a   spiritual   and   heavenly   truth   into   an   earthly   lie.      Caiaphas   said,   Jesus   thought   of   himself,   or His   followers   thought,   or   people   said   that   He   was   the   King   of   the   Jews.      This   diabolical   and   convoluted   claim   positions Jesus   as   committing   sedition   (treason,   conduct   or   speech   inciting   people   to   rebel   against   the   authority   of   a   state   or monarch)—which   was   considered   a   capital   crime   against   Rome—and   Pilate   (the   Roman   governor)   was   forced   to respond to the charges. It’s   important   to   note   that   Jesus   never   said   He   was   the   King   of   the   Jews.      It   was   when   He   was   in   front   of   Pilate—when Pilate   asked   Him   if   He   was   the   King   of   the   Jews—Jesus   responded   by   saying   “I   am.”      Jesus   never   spoke   a   word   of deceit,   only   truth,   and   could   not   deny   His   deity.      Jesus   knew   the   consequences   of   His   response—which   provided   Pilate with evidence of the charge and he had to move towards punishment.  Although   Pilate   knew   Jesus   was   not   a   threat   to   Rome,   and   attempted   to   find   a   procedural   means   to   release   Jesus,   the religious leaders used their manipulative power to ensure Jesus would not be forgiven and killed via crucifixion. The Process of Crucifixion Crucifixion   was   a   means   of   capital   punishment   (death   penalty)   used   by   the   Romans   for   one   who   had   been   convicted   of a   criminal   offense.      Designed   with   the   intent   of   causing   a   slow   and   gruesome   death—it   was   one   of   the   most   diabolical, painful   and   excruciating   forms   of   punishment   that   has   ever   been   contrived   by   man.      In   addition   to   executing   the   guilty, the   secondary   purpose   of   the   overall   crucifixion   process   was   to   serve   as   a   warning   to   dissuade   others   from   committing a similar crime.  Think    about    the    following…other    forms    of    capital    punishment    are    more    humane    than    crucifixion.        For    example, beheadings,   hangings,   firing   squads,   electrical   execution,   IV   injection,   and   so   forth   cause   death   quickly.      Whereas, death   on   the   cross   normally   took   several   days.      Plus,   executioners   would   sometimes   leave   the   body   hanging   to   extend the warning and reinforce consequences of the crime. Those who were to be crucified were first punished with scourging. Scourging So,   Pilate,   wanting   to   gratify   the   crowd,   released   Barabbas   to   them;   and   he   delivered   Jesus,   after   he   had   scourged Him, to be crucified.  Mark 15:15  (also Matthew 27:26, John 19:1) The   body   was   stripped   of   all   clothing,   made   to   stoop   and   stretch   their   arms   around   an   object   (pillar,   boulder,   or   other large   object),   and   bound   with   thongs   (Acts   22:25)   so   that   the   arms   were   extended   and   the   back   stretched   taut.      This exposed the back, sides, buttocks and legs as a target for the flagrum. The   flagrum   is   a   short   whip   made   of   leather   thon gs (or   ropes)   connected   to   a   handle.      Small   pieces   of sharp   metal   and   bone   were   knotted   into   the   leather thongs   at   different   intervals   so   that   each   lash   would dig, rip and tear into the flesh at different locations. The   Bible   does   not   specifically   define   how   many lashes    Jesus    received.        However,    Deuteronomy 25:1-3   states   if   someone   deserves   to   be   beaten, then    the    maximum    number    of    blows    is    40.        To comply   with   this   mandate,   Jews   limited   the   number to 39 (to make sure they did not break the law).  Although   Paul   was   not   scourged,   he   mentioned   in 2   Corinthians   11:24   that   he   was   beaten   five   times and received 39 stripes each time. Scourging   would   quickly   remove   the   skin   and   create   deeper   lacerations,   torn   chunks   of   flesh,   exposed   muscles   and excessive   bleeding   as   each   and   every   lashing   was   delivered   with   force...over   and   over   and   over.      Each   time   the   pain would   cause   the   body   to   raise,   turn   and   twist—thereby   exposing   the   chest   and   stomach   as   the   straps   wrapped   around the back and sides.  Scourging would continue until only a living remnant remained. …and   when   we   see   Him,   there   is   no   beauty   that   we   should   desire   Him.      He   is   despised   and   rejected by   men,   a   Man   of   sorrows   and   acquainted   with grief.      And   we   hid,   as   it   were,   our   faces   from   Him; He   was   despised,   and   we   did   not   esteem   Him.     Surely,   He   has   borne   our   griefs   and   carried   our sorrows;   yet   we   esteemed   Him   stricken,   Smitten   by God,   and   afflicted.      But   He   was   wounded   for   our transgressions,   He   was   bruised   for   our   iniquities; the   chastisement   for   our   peace   was   upon   Him,   and by   His   stripes   we   are   healed.      All   we   like   sheep have   gone   astray;   we   have   turned,   every   one,   to his   own   way;   and   the   Lord   has   laid   on   Him   the iniquity   of   us   all.      He   was   oppressed   and   He   was afflicted,   yet   He   opened   not   His   mouth;   He   was   led as   a   lamb   to   the   slaughter,   and   as   a   sheep   before its   shearers   is   silent,   so   He   opened   not   His   mouth.     Isaiah 53:2-7 Upon   the   conclusion   of   His   scourging—as   an   example   of   man   in   his   darkened   and   clueless fallen state—they attempted to humiliate Jesus. And   the   soldiers   twisted   a   crown   of   thorns   and   put   it   on   His   head,   and   they   put   on   Him   a purple   robe.      Then   they   said,   “Hail,   King   of   the   Jews!”   And   they   struck   Him   with   their   hands.     John 19:2-3 Transition from Scourging to Crucifixion Jesus   was   required   to   carry   His   cross   upon   His   shredded   and   bleeding   back   through   the   streets   to   a   hill   outside Jerusalem’s   walls   called   Golgotha.      However,   due   to   severe   blood   loss   and   shock,   Jesus   is   unable   to   carry   the   cross   to Golgotha, so Simon of Cyrene assists in this task. Now   as   they   came   out,   they   found   a   man   of   Cyrene,   Simon   by   name.      Him   they   compelled   to   bear   His   cross.      Matthew 27:32 Crucifixion There are two likely means the living body of Jesus was nailed to the cross. 1 . The   cross   (vertical   beam   and   cross   beam)   were   already   attached   and   lying   on   the   ground.      His   hands   and   feet were   nailed   into   place;   and   the   entire   cross   with   His   body   attached   were   raised   together.      The   base   of   the   vertical beam would slide into a hole to keep the cross upright. 2 . The   vertical   beam   was   secured   in   the   ground.      His   hands   were   nailed   to   the   cross   beam,   and   then   the   cross beam   plus   His   body   were   raised   and   attached   to   the   vertical   beam.      His   feet   would   then   be   nailed   into   the   vertical beam.  Some   believe   nails   were   driven   directly   through   the   hands   of   Jesus,   others   believe   nails   were   inserted   through   the   two bones   directly   below   the   wrist.     This   difference   in   opinion   is   based   upon   the   ability   of   a   nailed   hand   to   support   the   body’s weight   (without   the   nail   tearing   through   the   flesh   of   the   hand).      The   different   beliefs   are   also   influenced   by   whether   or not   the   feet   of   Jesus   were   nailed   into   the   sides   or   front   of   the   vertical   beam,   or   onto   a   small   ledge   that   would   support pushing upward. The   nailing   of   the   feet   was   important.      The   full   weight   of   the   body   upon   the   nailed   hands   was   required   for   maximum torment.      It   is   difficult   to   breath   when   the   body’s   full   weight   is   placed   on   the   nailed   hands   and   the   arms   are   fully stretched.      So,   the   crucified   would   push   upward   with   their   feet   and   breath   until   they   could   no   longer   stand   the   pain   in their   feet,   then   they   would   relax   and   return   the   pain   to   their   hands   and   pressure   on   their   lungs.      This   process   would repeat   over   and   over   until   death   by   asphyxiation   or   by   some   other   means.      What’s   more,   their   back—which   had   just been   scourged—would   rub   against   the   vertical   beam   as   they   raised   and   lowered   themselves—causing   even   more excruciating pain. Therefore,   the   nailing   of   the   feet   was   done   in   a   location   where   the   knees   were   angled   outward   and   not   straight.      This gave   the   crucified   an   ability   to   relieve   the   pain   in   their   hands   and   pressure   upon   their   lungs   so   that   they   could   breath.     Plus,   having   an   ability   to   push   upward   with   the   feet   extended   the   length   of   death.      However,   if   a   decision   was   made   to expedite   death,   the   Romans   would   simply   break   the   legs   so   that   they   could   no   longer   push   upward,   and   they   died   by asphyxiation. Our Lord’s Forgiveness and Final Moments As   He   hung   on   the   cross   Jesus   said   “Father,   forgive   them,   for   they   do   not   know   what   they   do.”      And   they   divided   His garments and cast lots.  Luke 23:34 Now   from   the   sixth   hour   until   the   ninth   hour   there   was   darkness   over   all   the   land.     And   about   the   ninth   hour   Jesus   cried out   with   a   loud   voice,   saying,   “Eli,   Eli,   lama   sabachthani?”   that   is,   “My   God,   My   God,   why   have   You   forsaken   Me?”     Some   of   those   who   stood   there,   when   they   heard   that,   said,   “This   Man   is   calling   for   Elijah!”      Immediately   one   of   them ran   and   took   a   sponge,   filled   it   with   sour   wine   and   put   it   on   a   reed,   and   offered   it   to   Him   to   drink.     The   rest   said,   “Let   Him alone;   let   us   see   if   Elijah   will   come   to   save   Him.”     And   Jesus   cried   out   again   with   a   loud   voice,   and   yielded   up   His   spirit.     Matthew 27:45-50 The torn Temple veil symbolized His sacrifice and shed blood was now the atonement of sins for Jew and Gentile. Then,   behold,   the   veil   of   the   temple   was   torn   in   two   from   top   to   bottom;   and   the   earth   quaked,   and   the   rocks   were   split, and   the   graves   were   opened;   and   many   bodies   of   the   saints   who   had   fallen   asleep   were   raised;   and   coming   out   of   the graves   after   His   resurrection,   they   went   into   the   holy   city   and   appeared   to   many.      So,   when   the   centurion   and   those   with him,   who   were   guarding   Jesus,   saw   the   earthquake   and   the   things   that   had   happened,   they   feared   greatly,   saying, “Truly this was the Son of God!”  Matthew 27:51-54  Therefore,   because   it   was   the   Preparation   Day,   that   the   bodie s   should   not remain   on   the   cross   on   the   Sabbath   (for   that   Sabbath   was   a   high   day),   the Jews   asked   Pilate   that   their   legs   might   be   broken,   and   that   they   might   be taken   away.      Then   the   soldiers   came   and   broke   the   legs   of   the   first   and   of the   other   who   was   crucified   with   Him.      But   when   they   came   to   Jesus   and saw   that   He   was   already   dead,   they   did   not   break   His   legs.      But   one   of   the soldiers   pierced   His   side   with   a   spear,   and   immediately   blood   and   water came   out.     And   he   who   has   seen   has   testified,   and   his   testimony   is   true;   and he   knows   that   he   is   telling   the   truth,   so   that   you   may   believe.      For   these things   were   done   that   the   Scripture   should   be   fulfilled,   “Not   one   of   His   bones shall   be   broken.”     And   again,   another   Scripture   says,   “They   shall   look   on   Him whom they pierced.”  John 19:31-37 The   Roman’s   practice   of   breaking   the   legs   to   expedite   death   is   interesting due   to   the   fact   that   prophetic   scriptures   state   that   none   of   the   bones   of   Jesus would    be    broken.        God    gave    Moses    and    Aaron    specific    rules    for    the Passover   lamb.      The   lamb   was   to   be   without   blemish   (Exodus   12:5),   and   no broken    bones    (Exodus    12:46,    Numbers    9:12).            Jesus    Christ    was    our Passover   Lamb—without   blemish   or   spot—and   without   broken   bones.      For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.  1 Corinthians 5:7 For   to   this   you   were   called,   because   Christ   also   suffered   for   us,   leaving   us an   example,   that   you   should   follow   His   steps:   “Who   committed   no   sin,   nor   was   deceit   found   in   His   mouth”;   who,   when He   was   reviled,   did   not   revile   in   return;   when   He   suffered,   He   did   not   threaten,   but   committed   Himself   to   Him   who judges   righteously;   who   Himself   bore   our   sins   in   His   own   body   on   the   tree,   that   we,   having   died   to   sins,   might   live   for righteousness—by   whose   stripes   you   were   healed.      For   you   were   like   sheep   going   astray,   but   have   now   returned   to   the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls. 1 Peter 2:21-25 So, I ask again… Who killed Jesus Christ? The answer and truth… it was not the Jews, nor the Romans, nor Satan. It was you…and it was me…and it was all who believe… Jesus willingly laid down His life as a ransom for our sins.  And by doing so, He gave each of us an opportunity to spiritually come alive while we are living in these flawed mortal bodies, and to live thereafter for eternity in His presence. I know not of any other god who has willingly died… to pay the price for our sins. Our Savior, and Lord of lords and King of kings is worthy of praise, worship, glory…and our entire being. God Bless You Harold D. Thomas
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Some say Jews killed Jesus. Others think it was the Romans.  A few think Satan manipulated events to kill Jesus. Although there are excellent arguments to support each belief, these perceptions can greatly benefit from enhanced spiritual understanding. The answer to this question will touch your heart, and the truth will enlighten your soul. For His punishment and death was one of the most painful means of execution ever devised by man. But first, it is important to explain why and how He was killed in order to understand who killed Jesus. Jesus was Obedient unto Death And   being   found   in   appearance   as   a   man,   He   humbled Himself   and   became   obedient   to   the   point   of   death,   even the death of the cross.  Philippians 2:8 As   the   Father   knows   Me,   even   so   I   know   the   Father;   and   I lay   down   My   life   for   the   sheep.      And   other   sheep   I   have which   are   not   of   this   fold;   them   also   I   must   bring,   and   they will   hear   My   voice;   and   there   will   be   one   flock   and   one shepherd.      “Therefore,   My   Father   loves   Me,   because   I   lay down   My   life   that   I   may   take   it   again.      No   one   takes   it   from Me,   but   I   lay   it   down   of   Myself.      I   have   power   to   lay   it down,   and   I   have   power   to   take   it   again.      This   command   I have received from My Father.”  John 10:15-17 Jesus   explained   what   would   happen   to   Him.      Not   that   the disciples   would   comprehend   the   implications   of   what   He said.      But   rather,   by   remembering   His   words   in   the   future, they would understand the meaning of what He said. Jesus    knew    what    was    before    Him.        He    knew    of    the physical   torture   He   would   endure;   the   price   He   would   pay with   His   body;   and   the   eternal   benefits   of   following   God’s will.      This   awareness   was   exemplified   as   He   prepared   His heart    for    what    was    about    to    happen.        And    He    was withdrawn   from   them   about   a   stone’s   throw,   and   He   knelt down   and   prayed,   saying,   “Father,   if   it   is   Your   will,   take this   cup   away   from   Me;   nevertheless,   not   My   will,   but Yours,   be   done.”      Then   an   angel   appeared   to   Him   from heaven,    strengthening    Him.        And    being    in    agony,    He prayed   more   earnestly.     Then   His   sweat   became   like   great drops of blood falling down to the ground.  Luke 22:41-44 It   is   important   to   know   Jesus   understood   His   purpose   on earth.  Fulfill prophetic scripture Confront and reveal religious darkness in Israel Demonstrate    His    God-given    miraculous    power    as evidence of His divine assignment Mirror the Father Speak absolute truth as God directed Him Give   His   body   as   a   living   sacrifice   for   the   sins   of   the world As     you     continue     to     read…it     is     also     important     to understand     and     remember     that     Jesus     had     at     His beckoning   legions   of   angels   to   overcome   any   adversary.     Everything    He    was    about    to    experience    He    willingly endured…alone.        As    He    was    being    arrested,    Simeon Peter   drew   his   sword   and   sliced   the   ear   off   a   servant   of the high priest. But   Jesus   said   to   him,   “Put   your   sword   in   its   place,   for   all who   take   the   sword   will   perish   by   the   sword.      Or   do   you think   that   I   cannot   now   pray   to   My   Father,   and   He   will provide   Me   with   more   than   twelve   legions   of   angels?      How then   could   the   Scriptures   be   fulfilled,   that   it   must   happen thus?”  Matthew 26:52-54 Jesus   chose   to   fulfill   His   purpose   and   be   obedient   unto the    Father—including    His    arrest,    trial,    conviction,    and crucified   death—and   as   such,   He   touched   the   man’s   ear and healed him.  (Luke 22:51) Unfortunately,     many     of     us     do     not     have     a     clear understanding   of   the   shocking   realities   of   the   crucifixion process   that   was   used   by   the   Romans.      Therefore,   this writing    may    be    difficult    for    some    to    read.        But    it    is important   for   all   of   us   to   mentally   visualize   what   our   Savior and   Lord   went   through—to   enhance   our   comprehension of His sacrifice and the love God has for us. The Sanhedrin The   Sanhedrin   was   the   Jewish   court   system   during   the time   Jesus   lived.      The   Great   Sanhedrin   (led   by   Caiaphas the   high   priest)   was   the   supreme   religious   body   in   Israel, wielded   significant   power,   and   was   the   final   authority   on Jewish   law.      The   court   was   comprised   of   71   persons   who were      considered      wise,      had      good      judgment      and experience.        The    Sanhedrin    dealt    with    religious    and ritualistic   Temple   matters,   criminal   matters,   and   in   solving conflicts   relating   to   ritual   law.      There   were   also   smaller religious Sanhedrins in every town.  Sources: https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-sanhedrin https://www.britannica.com/topic/sanhedrin#ref75027 Power—mixed    with    sinful    human    nature    and    satanic influence—resulted    in    the    Great    Sanhedrin    misguiding Israelites   away   from   God’s   truth,   and   God’s   desire   for   His people.      When   Jesus   Christ   began   His   ministry,   His   words, His      behavior,      and      His      miracles      confronted      and confounded   the   religious   elite.      Because   they   were   living in   spiritual   darkness,   they   were   unable   to   see   the   truth: Jesus Christ was the Messiah.  Their   darkened,   misguided   and   preconceived   perceptions caused   them   to   believe   the   Messiah   would   be   a   warrior; the   Messiah   would   lead   the   Israelites   in   defeating   their enemies;   the   Messiah   would   bring   peace   to   their   nation; and   the   Messiah   would   fulfill   all   their   needs.      However, Jesus    was    lowly    and    unassuming,    He    associated    with sinners    and    tax    collectors,    He    taught    with    astonishing insight,    performed    miracles,    was    growing    in    popularity, and    directly    stood    against    religious    strongholds.        But because     of     their     sinful     state,     hardened     hearts     and darkened   minds,   Jesus   did   not   fit   into   their   expectations   of the   promised   Jewish   King.      They   hated   Jesus   and   sought to eliminate Him. But   the   one   clincher   that   caused   their   hatred   to   boil   and influenced   the   deepest   core   of   their   innermost   beings—is is   when   they   perceived   Jesus   spoke   blasphemies   (act   of insulting,    showing    contempt,    or    lack    of    reverence    for God)—which   was   punishable   by   death   (Leviticus   24:13- 16). Then   behold,   they   brought   to   Him   a   paralytic   lying   on   a bed.      When   Jesus   saw   their   faith,   He   said   to   the   paralytic, “Son,   be   of   good   cheer;   your   sins   are   forgiven   you.”      And at   once   some   of   the   scribes   said   within   themselves,   “This Man   blasphemes!”      But   Jesus,   knowing   their   thoughts, said,   “Why   do   you   think   evil   in   your   hearts?      For   which   is easier,   to   say,   ‘Your   sins   are   forgiven   you,’   or   to   say,   ‘Arise and   walk’?      But   that   you   may   know   that   the   Son   of   Man has   power   on   earth   to   forgive   sins”—then   He   said   to   the paralytic,   “Arise,   take   up   your   bed,   and   go   to   your   house.”     And   he   arose   and   departed   to   his   house.      Now   when   the multitudes   saw   it,   they   marveled   and   glorified   God,   who had given such power to men.  Matthew 9:2-8 Then   the   Jews   surrounded   Him   and   said   to   Him,   “How long   do   You   keep   us   in   doubt?      If   You   are   the   Christ,   tell us   plainly.”      Jesus   answered   them,   “I   told   you,   and   you   do not   believe.      The   works   that   I   do   in   My   Father’s   name, they   bear   witness   of   Me.      But   you   do   not   believe,   because you   are   not   of   My   sheep,   as   I   said   to   you.      My   sheep   hear My   voice,   and   I   know   them,   and   they   follow   Me.      And   I give   them   eternal   life,   and   they   shall   never   perish;   neither shall   anyone   snatch   them   out   of   My   hand.      My   Father, who   has   given   them   to   Me,   is   greater   than   all;   and   no   one is   able   to   snatch   them   out   of   My   Father’s   hand.      I   and   My Father   are   one.”      Then   the   Jews   took   up   stones   again   to stone   Him.      Jesus   answered   them,   “Many   good   works   I have   shown   you   from   My   Father.   For   which   of   those   works do   you   stone   Me?”      The   Jews   answered   Him,   saying,   “For a   good   work   we   do   not   stone   You,   but   for   blasphemy,   and because   You,   being   a   Man,   make   Yourself   God.”      John 10:24-33  Was    Jesus    Christ    God    in    the    Flesh…Or    Did    He Commit Blasphemy? Although   the   word   Trinity   does   not   exist   in   the   Bible,   the term   has   been   used   throughout   history   to   describe   the   tri- unity   of   the   Father,   Son   and   Holy   Spirit   as   one   single Divine   Being.      God   the   Father,   God   the   Son   and   God   the Holy    Spirit    are    one    and    the    same—but    yet    are    three individual   Persons.      Dr.   Walter   Martin   (who   founded   the Christian    Research    Institute    and    known    as    “The    Bible Answer   Man”   on   radio)   said:   “No   man   can   fully   explain   the Trinity,   though   in   every   age,   scholars   have   propounded theories     and     advanced     hypotheses     to     explore     this mysterious    Biblical    teaching.        But    despite    the    worthy efforts     of     these     scholars,     the    Trinity     is     still     largely incomprehensible to the mind of man.”  As    such,    the    “oneness    of    the    Trinity”    challenges    our human   comprehension;   requires   an   understanding   of   the limitations   of   our   mental   capacities;   and   our   faith   in   that we will fully understand when we are in Heaven.  Jesus   said   “If   you   had   known   Me,   you   would   have   known My   Father   also;   and   from   now   on   you   know   Him   and   have seen   Him.”      Philip   said   to   Him,   “Lord,   show   us   the   Father, and   it   is   sufficient   for   us.”      Jesus   said   to   him,   “Have   I   been with   you   so   long,   and   yet   you   have   not   known   Me,   Philip?     He   who   has   seen   Me   has   seen   the   Father;   so   how   can you   say,   ‘Show   us   the   Father’?      Do   you   not   believe   that   I am   in   the   Father,   and   the   Father   in   Me?      The   words   that   I speak   to   you   I   do   not   speak   on   My   own   authority;   but   the Father   who   dwells   in   Me   does   the   works.      Believe   Me   that I   am   in   the   Father   and   the   Father   in   Me,   or   else   believe Me for the sake of the works themselves.  John 14:7-11 Jesus   said   “If   I   honor   Myself,   My   honor   is   nothing.      It   is   My Father   who   honors   Me,   of   whom   you   say   that   He   is   your God.     Yet   you   have   not   known   Him,   but   I   know   Him.     And   if I   say,   ‘I   do   not   know   Him,’   I   shall   be   a   liar   like   you;   but   I   do know    Him    and    keep    His    word.        Your    father   Abraham rejoiced   to   see   My   day,   and   he   saw   it   and   was   glad.”   Then   the   Jews   said   to   Him,   “You   are   not   yet   fifty   years   old, and   have   You   seen Abraham?”      Jesus   said   to   them,   “Most assuredly,   I   say   to   you,   before   Abraham   was,   I   AM.”   John 8:54-58 Jesus said “I and My Father are one.”    John 10:30 Let   this   mind   be   in   you   which   was   also   in   Christ   Jesus, who,   being   in   the   form   of   God,   did   not   consider   it   robbery to   be   equal   with   God,   but   made   Himself   of   no   reputation, taking    the    form    of    a    bondservant,    and    coming    in    the likeness of men.  Philippians 2:5-7 For   to   which   of   the   angels   did   He   ever   say:   “You   are   My Son,   today   I   have   begotten   You”?      And   again:   “I   will   be   to Him   a   Father,   and   He   shall   be   to   Me   a   Son”?      But   when He   again   brings   the   firstborn   into   the   world,   He   says:   “Let all   the   angels   of   God   worship   Him.”     And   of   the   angels   He says:   “Who   makes   His   angels   spirits   and   His   ministers   a flame   of   fire.”      But   to   the   Son   He   says:   “Your   throne,   O God,   is   forever   and   ever;   a   scepter   of   righteousness   is   the scepter   of   Your   kingdom.      You   have   loved   righteousness and    hated    lawlessness;    therefore    God,    Your    God,    has anointed   You    with    the    oil    of    gladness    more    than   Your companions.”  Hebrews 1:5-9 In   the   beginning   was   the   Word,   and   the   Word   was   with God,   and   the   Word   was   God.      He   was   in   the   beginning with   God.     All   things   were   made   through   Him,   and   without Him   nothing   was   made   that   was   made.      In   Him   was   life, and   the   life   was   the   light   of   men.      And   the   light   shines   in the   darkness,   and   the   darkness   did   not   comprehend   it.   John 1:1-5 He   was   in   the   world,   and   the   world   was   made   through Him,   and   the   world   did   not   know   Him.      He   came   to   His own,   and   His   own   did   not   receive   Him.      But   as   many   as received    Him,    to    them    He    gave    the    right    to    become children   of   God,   to   those   who   believe   in   His   name:   who were   born,   not   of   blood,   nor   of   the   will   of   the   flesh,   nor   of the will of man, but of God.  John 1:10-13 The   Arrest,   Trial   and   Conviction   of   Jesus—Injustice Personified Upon    the    identification    of    Jesus    by    a    kiss    from    Judas Iscariot    (one    of    the    disciples    of    Jesus),    Jesus    was arrested (Mark 14:44-48). And   those   who   had   laid   hold   of   Jesus   led   Him   away   to Caiaphas   the   high   priest,   where   the   scribes   and   the   elders were   assembled.      But   Peter   followed   Him   at   a   distance   to the   high   priest’s   courtyard.      And   he   went   in   and   sat   with the   servants   to   see   the   end.      Now   the   chief   priests,   the elders,   and   all   the   council   sought   false   testimony   against Jesus   to   put   Him   to   death,   but   found   none.      Even   though many    false    witnesses    came    forward,    they    found    none.    But   at   last   two   false   witnesses   came   forward   and   said, “This   fellow   said,   ‘I   am   able   to   destroy   the   temple   of   God and   to   build   it   in   three   days.’”      And   the   high   priest   arose and   said   to   Him,   “Do You   answer   nothing?   What   is   it   these men   testify   against   You?”      But   Jesus   kept   silent.      And   the high   priest   answered   and   said   to   Him,   “I   put   You   under oath   by   the   living   God:   Tell   us   if   You   are   the   Christ,   the Son    of    God!”        Jesus    said    to    him,    “It    is    as    you    said.    Nevertheless,   I   say   to   you,   hereafter   you   will   see   the   Son of   Man   sitting   at   the   right   hand   of   the   Power,   and   coming on   the   clouds   of   heaven.”      Then   the   high   priest   tore   his clothes,   saying,   “He   has   spoken   blasphemy!      What   further need   do   we   have   of   witnesses?      Look,   now   you   have heard    His    blasphemy!        What    do    you    think?”        They answered   and   said,   “He   is   deserving   of   death.”      Then   they spat   in   His   face   and   beat   Him;   and   others   struck   Him   with the   palms   of   their   hands,   saying,   “Prophesy   to   us,   Christ!     Who is the one who struck You?”  Matthew 26:57-68 However, Caiaphas had a couple of problems: 1 . He   did   not   have   power   to   execute   Jesus,   and   was dependent upon the Romans for capital punishment. 2 . Blasphemy was not a crime under Roman Law. 3 . He    needed    a    different    Roman    crime    other    than blasphemy to convict Jesus. Therefore,   Caiaphas   spun   a   spiritual   and   heavenly   truth into    an    earthly    lie.        Caiaphas    said,    Jesus    thought    of himself,   or   His   followers   thought,   or   people   said   that   He was   the   King   of   the   Jews.      This   diabolical   and   convoluted claim    positions    Jesus    as    committing    sedition    (treason, conduct    or    speech    inciting    people    to    rebel    against    the authority   of   a   state   or   monarch)—which   was   considered   a capital    crime    against    Rome—and    Pilate    (the    Roman governor) was forced to respond to the charges. It’s   important   to   note   that   Jesus   never   said   He   was   the King    of    the    Jews.        It    was    when    He    was    in    front    of Pilate—when   Pilate   asked   Him   if   He   was   the   King   of   the Jews—Jesus   responded   by   saying   “I   am.”      Jesus   never spoke   a   word   of   deceit,   only   truth,   and   could   not   deny   His deity.            Jesus      knew      the      consequences      of      His response—which    provided    Pilate    with    evidence    of    the charge and he had to move towards punishment.  Although   Pilate   knew   Jesus   was   not   a   threat   to   Rome, and    attempted    to    find    a    procedural    means    to    release Jesus,   the   religious   leaders   used   their   manipulative   power to    ensure    Jesus    would    not    be    forgiven    and    killed    via crucifixion. The Process of Crucifixion Crucifixion    was    a    means    of    capital    punishment    (death penalty)    used    by    the    Romans    for    one    who    had    been convicted   of   a   criminal   offense.      Designed   with   the   intent of   causing   a   slow   and   gruesome   death—it   was   one   of   the most     diabolical,     painful     and     excruciating     forms     of punishment    that    has    ever    been    contrived    by    man.        In addition   to   executing   the   guilty,   the   secondary   purpose   of the   overall   crucifixion   process   was   to   serve   as   a   warning to dissuade others from committing a similar crime.  Think     about     the     following…other     forms     of     capital punishment    are    more    humane    than    crucifixion.        For example,   beheadings,   hangings,   firing   squads,   electrical execution,   IV   injection,   and   so   forth   cause   death   quickly.     Whereas,   death   on   the   cross   normally   took   several   days.     Plus,    executioners    would    sometimes    leave    the    body hanging      to      extend      the      warning      and      reinforce consequences of the crime. Those   who   were   to   be   crucified   were   first   punished   with scourging. Scourging So,     Pilate,     wanting     to     gratify     the     crowd,     released Barabbas   to   them;   and   he   delivered   Jesus,   after   he   had scourged   Him,   to   be   crucified.      Mark   15:15    (also   Matthew 27:26, John 19:1) The   body   was   stripped   of   all   clothing,   made   to   stoop   and stretch    their    arms    around    an    object    (pillar,    boulder,    or other   large   object),   and   bound   with   thongs   (Acts   22:25)   so that   the   arms   were   extended   and   the   back   stretched   taut.     This   exposed   the   back,   sides,   buttocks   and   legs   as   a t arget for the flagrum. The   flagrum   is   a   short   whip   made   of   leather   thongs   (or ropes)    connected    to    a    handle.        Small    pieces    of    sharp metal   and   bone   were   knotted   into   the   leather   thongs   at different   intervals   so   that   each   lash   would   dig,   rip   and   tear into the flesh at different locations. The   Bible   does   not   specifically   define   how   many   lashes Jesus   received.      However,   Deuteronomy   25:1-3   states   if someone    deserves    to    be    beaten,    then    the    maximum number   of   blows   is   40.      To   comply   with   this   mandate, Jews   limited   the   number   to   39   (to   make   sure   they   did   not break the law).  Although    Paul    was    not    scourged,    he    mentioned    in    2 Corinthians    11:24    that    he    was    beaten    five    times    and received 39 stripes each time. Scourging    would    quickly    remove    the    skin    and    create deeper   lacerations,   torn   chunks   of   flesh,   exposed   muscles and   excessive   bleeding   as   each   and   every   lashing   was delivered   with   force...over   and   over   and   over.      Each   time the    pain    would    cause    the    body    to    raise,    turn    and twist—thereby   exposing   the   chest   and   stomach   as   the straps   wrapped   around   the   back   and   sides.      Scourging woul d continue until only a living remnant remained. …and    when    we    see    Him,    there    is    no    beauty    that    we should   desire   Him.      He   is   despised   and   rejected   by   men,   a Man   of   sorrows   and   acquainted   with   grief.     And   we   hid,   as it   were,   our   faces   from   Him;   He   was   despised,   and   we   did not   esteem   Him.      Surely,   He   has   borne   our   griefs   and carried    our    sorrows;    yet    we    esteemed    Him    stricken, Smitten   by   God,   and   afflicted.      But   He   was   wounded   for our   transgressions,   He   was   bruised   for   our   iniquities;   the chastisement   for   our   peace   was   upon   Him,   and   by   His stripes    we    are    healed.       All    we    like    sheep    have    gone astray;   we   have   turned,   every   one,   to   his   own   way;   and the   Lord   has   laid   on   Him   the   iniquity   of   us   all.      He   was oppressed   and   He   was   afflicted,   yet   He   opened   not   His mouth;   He   was   led   as   a   lamb   to   the   slaughter,   and   as   a sheep   before   its   shearers   is   silent,   so   He   opened   not   His mouth.  Isaiah 53:2-7 Upon   the   conclusion   of   His   scourging—as   an   example   of man    in    his    darkened    and    clueless    fallen    state—they attempted to humiliate Jesus. And   the   soldiers   twisted   a   crown of   thorns   and   put   it   on   His   head, and    they    put    on    Him    a    purple robe.      Then   they   said,   “Hail,   King of   the   Jews!”   And   they   struck   Him with their hands.  John 19:2-3 Transition from Scourging to Crucifixion Jesus   was   required   to   carry   His   cross   upon   His   shredded and   bleeding   back   through   the   streets   to   a   hill   outside Jerusalem’s    walls    called    Golgotha.        However,    due    to severe   blood   loss   and   shock,   Jesus   is   unable   to   carry   the cross to Golgotha, so Simon of Cyrene assists in this task. Now    as    they    came    out,    they    found    a    man    of    Cyrene, Simon   by   name.      Him   they   compelled   to   bear   His   cross.     Matthew 27:32 Crucifixion There   are   two   likely   means   the   living   body   of   Jesus   was nailed to the cross. 1 . The    cross    (vertical    beam    and    cross    beam)    were already   attached   and   lying   on   the   ground.      His   hands and   feet   were   nailed   into   place;   and   the   entire   cross with   His   body   attached   were   raised   together.      The base   of   the   vertical   beam   would   slide   into   a   hole   to keep the cross upright. 2 . The   vertical   beam   was   secured   in   the   ground.      His hands   were   nailed   to   the   cross   beam,   and   then   the cross   beam   plus   His   body   were   raised   and   attached to   the   vertical   beam.      His   feet   would   then   be   nailed into the vertical beam.  Some   believe   nails   were   driven   directly   through   the   hands of   Jesus,   others   believe   nails   were   inserted   through   the two    bones    directly    below    the    wrist.       This    difference    in opinion    is    based    upon    the    ability    of    a    nailed    hand    to support   the   body’s   weight   (without   the   nail   tearing   through the    flesh    of    the    hand).        The    different    beliefs    are    also influenced   by   whether   or   not   the   feet   of   Jesus   were   nailed into   the   sides   or   front   of   the   vertical   beam,   or   onto   a   small ledge that would support pushing upward. The   nailing   of   the   feet   was   important.      The   full   weight   of the     body     upon     the     nailed     hands     was     required     for maximum   torment.      It   is   difficult   to   breath   when   the   body’s full   weight   is   placed   on   the   nailed   hands   and   the   arms   are fully   stretched.      So,   the   crucified   would   push   upward   with their   feet   and   breath   until   they   could   no   longer   stand   the pain   in   their   feet,   then   they   would   relax   and   return   the   pain to   their   hands   and   pressure   on   their   lungs.      This   process would   repeat   over   and   over   until   death   by   asphyxiation   or by   some   other   means.      What’s   more,   their   back—which had   just   been   scourged—would   rub   against   the   vertical beam   as   they   raised   and   lowered   themselves—causing even more excruciating pain. Therefore,   the   nailing   of   the   feet   was   done   in   a   location where   the   knees   were   angled   outward   and   not   straight.   This   gave   the   crucified   an   ability   to   relieve   the   pain   in   their hands   and   pressure   upon   their   lungs   so   that   they   could breath.      Plus,   having   an   ability   to   push   upward   with   the feet   extended   the   length   of   death.      However,   if   a   decision was   made   to   expedite   death,   the   Romans   would   simply break   the   legs   so   that   they   could   no   longer   push   upward, and they died by asphyxiation. Our Lord’s Forgiveness and Final Moments As   He   hung   on   the   cross   Jesus   said    “Father,   forgive   them, for   they   do   not   know   what   they   do.”      And   they   divided   His garments and cast lots.  Luke 23:34 Now   from   the   sixth   hour   until   the   ninth   hour   there   was darkness   over   all   the   land.      And   about   the   ninth   hour Jesus   cried   out   with   a   loud   voice,   saying,   “Eli,   Eli,   lama sabachthani?”   that   is,   “My   God,   My   God,   why   have   You forsaken   Me?”      Some   of   those   who   stood   there,   when they    heard    that,    said,    “This    Man    is    calling    for    Elijah!”    Immediately   one   of   them   ran   and   took   a   sponge,   filled   it with   sour   wine   and   put   it   on   a   reed,   and   offered   it   to   Him   to drink.     The   rest   said,   “Let   Him   alone;   let   us   see   if   Elijah   will come   to   save   Him.”     And   Jesus   cried   out   again   with   a   loud voice, and yielded up His spirit.  Matthew 27:45-50 The   torn   Temple   veil   symbolized   His   sacrifice   and   shed blood was now the atonement of sins for Jew and Gentile. Then,   behold,   the   veil   of   the   temple   was   torn   in   two   from top   to   bottom;   and   the   earth   quaked,   and   the   rocks   were split,   and   the   graves   were   opened;   and   many   bodies   of the   saints   who   had   fallen   asleep   were   raised;   and   coming out   of   the   graves   after   His   resurrection,   they   went   into   the holy   city   and   appeared   to   many.      So,   when   the   centurion and   those   with   him,   who   were   guarding   Jesus,   saw   the earthquake   and   the   things   that   had   happened,   they   feared greatly,   saying,   “Truly   this   was   the   Son   of   God!”      Matthew 27:51-54  Therefore,      because      it was   the   Preparation   Day, that    the    bodie s    should not   remain   on   the   cross on   the   Sabbath   (for   that Sabbath     was     a     high day),     the     Jews     asked Pilate     that     their     legs might     be     broken,     and that   they   might   be   taken away.      Then   the   soldiers came   and   broke   the   legs of    the    first    and    of    the other   who   was   crucified with   Him.      But   when   they came   to   Jesus   and   saw that     He     was     already dead,   they   did   not   break His   legs.      But   one   of   the   soldiers   pierced   His   side   with   a spear,   and   immediately   blood   and   water   came   out.      And he   who   has   seen   has   testified,   and   his   testimony   is   true; and   he   knows   that   he   is   telling   the   truth,   so   that   you   may believe.      For   these   things   were   done   that   the   Scripture should   be   fulfilled,   “Not   one   of   His   bones   shall   be   broken.”     And   again,   another   Scripture   says,   “They   shall   look   on Him whom they pierced.”  John 19:31-37 The   Roman’s   practice   of   breaking   the   legs   to   expedite death     is     interesting     due     to     the     fact     that     prophetic scriptures   state   that   none   of   the   bones   of   Jesus   would   be broken.      God   gave   Moses   and Aaron   specific   rules   for   the Passover    lamb.       The    lamb    was    to    be    without    blemish (Exodus    12:5),    and    no    broken    bones    (Exodus    12:46, Numbers    9:12).            Jesus    Christ    was    our    Passover Lamb—without    blemish    or    spot—and    without    broken bones.      For   indeed   Christ,   our   Passover,   was   sacrificed for us.  1 Corinthians 5:7 For   to   this   you   were   called,   because   Christ   also   suffered for   us,   leaving   us   an   example,   that   you   should   follow   His steps:   “Who   committed   no   sin,   nor   was   deceit   found   in   His mouth”;   who,   when   He   was   reviled,   did   not   revile   in   return; when   He   suffered,   He   did   not   threaten,   but   committed Himself   to   Him   who   judges   righteously;   who   Himself   bore our   sins   in   His   own   body   on   the   tree,   that   we,   having   died to   sins,   might   live   for   righteousness—by   whose   stripes you   were   healed.      For   you   were   like   sheep   going   astray, but   have   now   returned   to   the   Shepherd   and   Overseer   of your souls. 1 Peter 2:21-25 So, I ask again… Who killed Jesus Christ? The answer and truth… it was not the Jews, nor the Romans, nor Satan. It was you…and it was me…and it was all who believe… Jesus willingly laid down His life as a ransom for our sins.  And by doing so, He gave each of us an opportunity to spiritually come alive while we are living in these flawed mortal bodies, and to live thereafter for eternity in His presence. I know not of any other god who has willingly died to pay the price for our sins. Our Savior, and Lord of lords and King of kings is worthy of praise, worship, glory…and our entire being. God Bless You Harold D. Thomas
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